It is important that a big number of parties which are new for the region managed to surpass the 5% barrier, for example, Samopomich, Democratic Alliance, Syla Liudey, the Radical Party and others. All of them are defferent but they are united by one criterion: they are separated from what is left from the Party of Regions and they are quite efficient working as opposition.
Those parties which had previously been represented by separate deputies and do not have any links to the previous monopoly (Batkivschyna, Party of Regions and others) are also present in the new town and district councils.
It should be mentioned that there are some patries which were supported by a big number of voters in several localities only. For example, Vidrodzhennya managed to enter only three councils in Krasnoarmiysk, (where it got the majority of votes) Dmytriv and Rodynske (where the majority is represented by Molodizhna Party).
This situation proves the fact that the general monopolization of the region is breaking and splitting into “local monopolies”.
The conclusion is that as the Party of Regions split into different political representatives its monopoly split as well and was shifted to districts and towns of the region.
Besides, a real competition is emerging and it can be proved, firstly, by the fact that there is a considerable number of parties who have nothing in common with the Party of Regions, and secondly, by current changes in the policy of local councils.
Newly-elected self-governing does more steps towards transparency and communication that previous political forces. Local councils copmete to be the first ones to use Prozorro system, deputies of Kramatorsk, Krasnoarmiysk and Mariupol voted for installing the system of electronic public procurement. The possibility of installing it is openly discussed in Slovyansk and Liman.
This signifies that serious changed have been launched in the region.
Who are the deputies?
Besides the fact that there are new people in local councils, a lot of them are civil servants, heads of different institutions and businesspeople.
The biggest number of deputies who are civil servants is in local councils of Krasnoarmiysk (19%), Liman (18%), Siversk (19%) and Svyatohirsk (21%). As for district councils, the majority is in Volnovakha (34%), Kostyantynivka (23%) and Maryinka districts (19%).
Businesspeople (more than 19% of the total number) are largely presented in such cities as Svyatohirsk, Slovyansk, Dymytriv, Hirnyk, Siversk and Krasnoarmiysk.
There is a big number of heads of different institutions and enterprises in Liman (abnorman 50%), Krasnoarmiysk (42%), in Volodarsk, Krasnoarmiysk, Dobropillya, and Kostyantynivka (38%) and in Volnovakha districts (34%).
Attention should be paid to the age of Donbas deputies. Druzhkivka town council deputies are the oldest ones (53 years old) and Slovyansk city council deouties are the youngest ones (44 years).
According to the survey of “Rating group”, 51% of Donbas residents think that “politicians ignore women’s opinions and problems”. The analysis of the gender of newly-elected deputies shows that the number of female deputies in town and district councils is 36% which is 5% more than after the prevous election.
The biggist number of females is observed in Ukrainsk (53%), Selidove (50%), Siversk (46%), Novohrodivka (46%), Kostyantynivka (47%) and Maryinka (46%) districts. The smallest number of females is observed in Vuhledar (16%), Slovyansk (19%) and Pershotravneve district (18%).
There are some positive changes in Mariupol, compared to the election in 2010. The number of female deputies is two times bigger now (20% now and 10% in 2010).
The results of the Donbas election show once again that the process of the transformation of the region has started and the main political monolith (the Party of Pegions) split. This once again emphasizes the fact that political monopoly of the region ws artificial.
Of course, the presence of local political monopolies, such as Vidrodzhennya ot the Party of Regions means that there are serious internal obstacles for development of political competition and these obstacles will slow down the process.
It will take Ukraine a lot of time to pave the way for democracy in the region, to support democratic trends which are emerging there and to finish the process of its economic demonopolization.
Valentyn Krasnopyorov for the Ukrainian Truth
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